Dina Porat, Giovanni Quer, Talia Naama
The IHRA Working Definition of Antisemitism: Criticism, Implementation, and Importance
This essay analyzes the status of the working definition of antisemitism adopted by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) (See appendix for the text of the working definition). Five years since its adoption in May 2016, the IHRA working definition is the main document that elucidates what antisemitism is, by providing a general definition and 11 explanatory examples. This definition is widely accepted and has been adopted by hundreds of diverse bodies, including governmental institutions, societal organizations, and corporations. The growing understanding of the IHRA document and its significance has led to its being used to recognize and prevent antisemitic incidents and manifestations worldwide. Antisemitism is a multifaceted phenomenon, and some of its aspects have been subjected to a harsh and continuous debate. Israel-related antisemitism is one such example, whereby political beliefs and factional ideologies have considerably the study and understanding of the phenomenon. Accordingly, the IHRA document is also criticized inasmuch as it encompasses these examples. This essay offers an analysis of the current status of the IHRA document, while examining the main points of criticism and the responses to it. It is based on a larger and more comprehensive research, conducted by Dr. Giovanni Quer, Adv. Talia Naamat, and Prof. Dina Porat, in cooperation with the School of Tourism at Haifa University.